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Ginseng is well known, it turns out this is the secret



Who is not familiar with ginseng? I'm sure everyone knows this one plant. Ginseng is very well known in the world as plant health. Plants from China has long held to the public as the plants that have high health benefits, especially for body fitness and vitality. What causes ginseng so famous, it turns out this is the secret ingredient.

According to Kadarwati (2006), ginseng contains two active ingredients, namely phytochemicals and nutrients. Phytochemicals as betasitosterol, kampesterol, kariofilen, sinamik acid, ferulik acid, escin, ginsenosides, fumarik acid, kaempferol, oleanolik acid, panaxik acid, panaxin, saponin acid, stigmasterol, vanilik. The nutrients contained are calcium, fiber, folate, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, Silicon, zinc, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, and C.

Kadarwati also revealed several other studies reveal about the content of ginseng. Among others, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) that serves to help nurture and form collagen, then Beta Carotene (pro-vitamin A) required the body to maintain the skin tissue to ari always healthy, so the skin becomes soft and moisturized.

In addition, ginseng also contains vitamin B2 is essential for maintaining healthy skin, eyes and nerves. Growing ginseng in Korea contains more diverse ginsenoside, compared with ginseng grown in China or any other country in the world that Korea ginseng was used as one of the ingredients for effective treatment in the world.

While according to Mazza and Oomah (2000), ginseng contains components such as the chemical content of fat, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, phenolic substances as presented in table berkut.


Komponen
Content
Lemak
Triacilglyserida, trilinolein, oligoglyserida
Protein
Peptida, enzim
Fenoliks
Asam cafeic, kaempherol, asam vanilic, Flavonoids, Β – N-oxalo-L-α, β, asam diaminopropionik
Vitamin
Asam askorbat, tiamin, riboflafin, niacin
Karbohidrat
Panaxan polisakarida, Substansi mucilaginus
other
Saponin steroid atau ginsenosid, minyak essensial, β-farnesen, β-gurnenen, β-bisablen, asam organik
Sumber: Mazza and Oomah, 2000

In addition, the chemical content of the most important and dominant on ginseng saponins and glycosides is. At the root of ginseng glycosides known as ginsenosida. In addition, the root of ginseng also contains 16 different ginsenosida such as essential oils, panasena, resih, musilago, panax acid, phytosterols, hormones, B vitamins, carbohydrates and cellulose.

In 1960, the reviewer-reviewer of Moscow and Tokyo to find similar Sebatian known as terpenidol glycisides. Research conducted on mice get that gives power to Sebatian mice are. Sebatian consist of molecules and molecules of sugar these Terpenoids. These Terpenoids is a plant hormone that is similar to the hormones of animals. Then terpenidol glycisides named ginsenosida, which makes the famous ginseng as a cure all diseases because of the part played by ginsenosida.

Table Of content of Ginsenosida in ginseng.

Ginsenosida
% content in ginseng
Ro
0.2-0.4%
Ra1
0.02%
Ra2
0.03%
Ra3
unsur surih
Rb
X
Rb1
0.37-0.5%
Rb3
unsur surih
Rc
0.13-0.3%
Rd
0.15%
Re
0.15-0.2%
Rf
0.05%
Rg
0.05%
Rg1
0.2%
Rg2
unsur surih
Rg3
unsur surih
Rh1
unsur surih
Rs1
unsur surih
Rs2
unsur surih
MRb1

MRb2

MRc


Ginseng Processing
Ginseng can be processed in different ways. Ginseng roots dug from the ground are named ginseng watery (su-sam). Su-sam white ginseng root is being processed (pac-sam), ginseng root, yellow (hwang-sam), and the red ginseng root (hong-sam). White ginseng root is obtained by means of a peeling su-sam with knives made of bamboo. Once cleaned, the root is dried in the Sun. If the weather does not support, then the roots must be dried over a fire (charcoal) or in the oven.

While Ginseng yellow is obtained by way of peeling or steaming su-sam and then dried. While Red is made with ginseng mengstimkan su-sam for 3-4 hours, and then put it in a dry room and heated in the Sun. With the correct process of stim, ginseng can be stored for a long time without losing its character since. White Ginseng is a bit of a yellowish white color red ginseng while a clear and reddish-brown. The content of chemical elements, mainly ginsenosida and Saponins are both different. [dh]

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